It was throughout Almoravid and you may Almohad moments one to Morocco gotten their title inside overseas supply
by Warfuck on 13 Mai, 2022 - Commentaires fermés sur It was throughout Almoravid and you may Almohad moments one to Morocco gotten their title inside overseas supply
The latest Almohads and longer the latest waterworks that have a wider irrigation program, unveiling discover-air canals (seguias), taking h2o off regarding High Atlas hills through the Haouz plain. Such the newest streams anticipate these to expose the fresh new magnificent Menara Backyard and you can Agdal Home gardens into west and you will southern of your own town correspondingly.
The fresh new Marinid emir Abu Yusuf Yaqub put 1st siege off Marrakesh into the 1262, however it failed
Much of the brand new Almohad buildings when you look at the Marrakesh had alternatives from the locations from Seville (that your Almohads chose as their regional funding for the al-Andalus) and Rabat (that they raised from scratch). Designers which done this type of edifices was basically taken away from each party of straits, and you will go after similar patterns and ornamental layouts, e.grams. the brand new Giralda off Seville and (unfinished) Hassan Tower out of Rabat usually are twinned with Koutobuia. It absolutely was plus under the Almohads one Marrakesh briefly increased while the a mental cardiovascular system, drawing students away from afar, such as for example Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Zuhr, Ibn rushd, etcetera.
Marrakesh are known in western European countries in its Latinized setting « Maroch » otherwise « Marrochio », and Almohad caliphate try constantly regarded when you look at the Latin offer since « Empire out of Marrakesh » (Regnum Marrochiorum). Down seriously to the latest 19th century, Marrakesh is actually also referred to as « Morocco urban area » inside the foreign offer.
Brand new loss of Yusuf II from inside the 1224 first started a period of instability. e the fresh stronghold of your own Almohad tribal sheikhs in addition to ahl ad-dar (descendants of Ibn Tumart), who sought for so you can claw strength right back on the ruling Almohad family relations (the newest descendants of Abd al-Mu’min, who had the stamina base inside the Seville). Marrakesh is taken, missing and you can retaken of the force many times from the a blast of caliphs and you can pretenders. One of many well-known situations was this new brutal seizure regarding Marrakesh by the latest Sevillan caliph Abd al-Wahid II al-Ma’mun in 1226, which had been implemented upwards by a massacre of the Almohad tribal sheikhs and their group and you can a general public denunciation from Ibn Tumart’s doctrines by the caliph on pulpit of Kasbah mosque. Once al-Ma’mun’s passing from inside the 1232, his widow made an effort to install the girl man, having the assistance of your Almohad army chiefs and you may Foreign language mercenaries into guarantee to hand Marrakesh off https://datingranking.net/pl/bristlr-recenzja/ to him or her on sack. Hearing of terms and conditions, the individuals of Marrakesh rushed so you can struck their own deal with the armed forces captains and you may spared the town regarding depletion which have an effective significant bucks payoff out-of five-hundred,000 dinars.
Local financial support
The internal Almohad battle triggered the increased loss of al-Andalus to Religious Reconquista periods, while the rise out-of yet another dynasty, brand new Marinids in northeast Morocco. A good Zenata clan originating from Ifriqiya, new Marinids found its way to Taza on 1210s. The latest Marinids ascended by the supporting various other Almohad pretenders against each other, whenever you are slowly accumulating strength and you may conquering the brand new northern on their own. From the 1260s, the Marinids got less brand new Almohads into southern area areas as much as Marrakesh.
The guy with this strike an undertake Abu Dabbus, the new cousin of your own Almohad caliph, to beat it to them. Abu Dabbus captured Marrakesh when you look at the 1266, however, would not hand it off to brand new Marinids, pressuring Abu Yusuf Yaqub to come down and you may set siege to help you it himself. The fresh Marinids in the long run caught the metropolis in the Sep 1269. The brand new Almohad remnant retreated towards Atlas stronghold regarding Tinmel and you can proceeded starting opposition up to they certainly were in the end defeated in the 1276.
The newest Marinids decided up against swinging their courtroom so you can Marrakesh and you may as an alternative situated its funding at the Fez throughout the north. Toppled from the highest perch, Marrakesh stopped as a purple funding, and you will afterwards offered only while the a nearby money of your own southern. It experienced relative overlook, since the Marinids expended the efforts on the enhancing Fez or any other north metropolitan areas.