This new Marinids then used Marrakesh just like the an exercise soil with the heirs on throne, so you can develop the governing enjoy
by Warfuck on 12 Mai, 2022 - Commentaires fermés sur This new Marinids then used Marrakesh just like the an exercise soil with the heirs on throne, so you can develop the governing enjoy
Marrakesh didn’t undertake their eclipse gracefully, and you may several times borrowed itself since a base to possess rebellions from the Marinid rulers during the Fez. The brand new harbinger try the favorable 1279 revolt of one’s Sufyanid Arabs that has recently found its way to the location, that has been ground that have issue by mad ibn Ali ibn Muhalli, good Marinid visitors chieftain. The usage the fresh identity khalifa (« successor ») so you’re able to denote any office of the governor out-of elizabeth to the usage consequently. Although grandeur of your own old imperial investment repeatedly advised new young princes to try highest. Initial trainee, Abu Amir, try scarcely a year inside office ahead of he had been recommended by the this new Marrakeshis to help you rebel inside the 1288 up against his dad, brand new emir Abu Yaqub Yusuf. Immediately following Abu Yaqub’s demise in 1307, the fresh new Marrakesh governor, Yusuf ibn Abi Iyad, rebelled facing their cousin, the fresh ir, and you will stated versatility. For the 1320, it was the fresh change out-of Abu Ali, the new guy and you can heir away from Abu Sa’id Uthman II, which rebelled and grabbed Marrakesh. Opportunities was indeed stopped during the sultanate out of Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman, in the event that heir Abu Inan rebelled in Fez in the 1349, and also the ruling sultan escaped to help you Marrakesh, making you to definitely their legs.
Al-Hintati dominated the nearby area, brought the fresh Marinid heir into the Marrakesh less than their thumb, and build a great modus vivendi towards sultan Abu Inan
Abu Inan’s very own kid and you will heir, al-Mu’tamid governed Marrakesh about by themselves – or, alot more accurately, upset al-Hintati, the fresh new highest master of your own Hintata of the Higher Atlas (among old Almohad Masmuda people). Once main efforts are recovered of the brand new Marinid sultan Abd al-Aziz We , al-Hintati went toward unlock rebellion inside 1367 however, is actually at some point defeated during the 1370 and you may Marrakesh re-annexed.
Chaos returned following the death of Abd al-Aziz We inside the 1372. The latest Marinid kingdom is effortlessly partitioned for the 1374 ranging from Abu al-Abbas ibn Abi Salim during the Fez along with his cousin Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Ifellusen into the Marrakesh. Nevertheless a few rulers quarreled and also by 1382, Abu al-Abbas defeated his rival and you can reconquered Marrakesh. The latest historic list afterwards is actually hidden, nevertheless seems after a period regarding serenity lower than Abu Abbas up to 1393, elizabeth effortlessly a partial-separate state in the hands regarding effective regional governors (probably Hintata chieftains once again), simply nominally subject to this new Marinid sultan when you look at the Fez.
For the 1415, this new Religious Kingdom from A holiday in greece introduced a surprise attack and you will grabbed Ceuta, the first away from a series of incursions from the expansionary Portugal to the Morocco who draw much of next millennium. Whether or not effectively separate below Hintata emirs, paigns contributed by the sultans out-of Fez contrary to the Portuguese invaders at the Ceuta (1419) and you may Tangier (1437). Pursuing the failure to recuperate Ceuta, brand new Marinid emir is actually assassinated in the 1420 and you will Morocco fragmented once more. The brand new Wattasids, an associated good friends, grabbed fuel when you look at the Fez and you can ruled once the regents and you will viziers towards behalf of your Marinid man-sultan Abd al-Haqq II, but their expert failed to very offer far beyond Fez, and Marrakesh remained about separate (indeed after 1430) in the hands regarding Hintata emirs.
Al-Hintati stayed master of your southern area after the death of Abi Inan into the 1358, if the Marinid state fell to your in pretty bad shape, together with strength are fought more than anywhere between a series of palace viziers from inside the Fez
Sufism had arrived in the Maghreb and you may local Sufi marabouts arose to help you fill brand new vacuum cleaner out-of declining Marinid main electricity. At least a few main branches from Sufi maraboutism are going to be recognized:- this new Shadhiliyya (solid when you look at the Marrakesh, the fresh Sous, the fresh Rif and you will Tlemcen), try much more major and you will oppositional on centered Marinid-Wattasid bodies, while the Qadiriyya (influential within the Fez, Touat, Algiers and you will Bougie) try a whole lot more moderate and cooperative. Muhammad ibn Sulayman al-Jazuli (« Sidi Ben Slimane »), an effective Sufi Shadhili imam regarding the Sous, skyrocketed so you can stature regarding middle-15th century. Are a great sharif (we.age. a great descendant about group of the fresh Prophet Muhammad), Imam al-Jazuli rode a wave out of nostalgia on the 9th-100 years sharifian Idrisids, whoever prominent cult got already been renewed, partially while the a beneficial contradistinction into the unpopular Marinids-Wattasids.